What's to know about the Typhoon season in the Philippines


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Some general information about the typhoon season in the Philippines

Storm or Typhoon?

Typhoon declaration
Here in the Philippines, we call the typhoons as 'bagyo'. Typhoons entering the Philippines are given a local name by PAGASA (Philippine Atmospheric, Geophysical and Astronomical Services Administration) with tracking information on a special website: PAGASA DOST. We are the most exposed large country in the world to typhoons. And the country suffers an annual onslaught of dangerous storms from July to October normally, but actually we have to encounter the last typhoon often in December. These are especially dangerous for northern and eastern Luzon, Bicol and Eastern Visayas regions. Here in Manila we are also devastated.

According to PAGASA, there are five types of typhoons and it is according to the speed. The Tropical Depressions, Tropical Storms, Severe Tropical Storms, Typhoons and Super Typhoons.

Tropical Depressions
Have a maximum sustained winds of between 30 kilometers per hour and 60 kilometers per hour near its center.

Tropical Storms
Have maximum sustained winds of 61 kilometers per hour to 88 kilometers per hour.

Severe Tropical Storms
Have a maximum sustained winds of 89 kilometers per hour to 117 kilometers per hour.

Typhoons achieve maximum sustained winds of 118 kilometers per hour to 219 kilometers per hour.

Super Typhoon
Achieve maximum sustained winds of more than 220 kilometers per hour.

Here in the Philippines we experienced a number of extremely damaging typhoons with more than 220km/h of sustained winds. And because of this, Typhoon Yolanda in 2013 made the four level warning system Numbers 1 - 4 to give warning for Super Typhoon. The warning system is modified as follows and will be aired and broadcast in order of the Government by every local radio or TV station for every affected region:

Signal No. 1
Winds of 30 - 60 km/h and expected in 36 hrs. on 1st issuance.

Signal No. 2
Winds of 60 - 120 km/h and expected in 24 hrs. on 1st issuance.

Signal No. 3
Winds of 120 - 170 km/h and expected in 18 hrs. on 1st issuance.

Signal No. 4
Winds of 170 - 220 km/h and expected in 12 hrs. on 1st issuance.

Signal No. 5
Winds more than 220 km/h and expected in 12 hrs. on 1st issuance.

Sad record for the Philippines:
My moms house, destroyed by Yolanda On November 8, 2013 the Typhoon with the international name 'Haiyan' (for the Philippines 'Yolanda') reaches the coastline of Tacloban, Leyte with a maximum wind speed in the center from 378km/h. Since now it is the fastest Typhoon ever recorded in history. The wind speed while falling on land was still measured by 318km/h. The typhoon pushed waves with up to 5 - 6m heights onto the country and passed the whole Philippine land mass heading to Vietnam. Above 6000 people died, nearly 2000 was missing and nearly 4.500.000 people was left without a shelter. Some of my relatives, even living on Panay island, was also affected. Thanks to the Philippine Red Cross. They built a little small house for every victim. Simple, but enough to continue life.

The picture above shows my moms house in Panay island in my brothers place. Destroyed by Yolanda. She got also a nice little new house from PRC.

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